The survey will also be of value because it provides uptodate demographic information on a very large sample size of the population across afghanistan. Sixtyfour percent had no computers, 55% did not have library training, and only one the american university of afghanistan offered access to. Feb 19, 2014 in afghanistan, a growing uproar over ethnicity pashtun, tajik, hazara and uzbek has many concerned about possible violence, especially those who remember the countrys civil war. The pashtuns are primarily found in afghanistan and they make up one of the largest groups in the country. Afghanistan s opium poppy harvest produces more than 90% of illicit heroin globally, and more than 95% of the european supply. They speak the hazaragi variant of persian, 11 12 one of the two official languages of afghanistan. Dec 07, 2019 facts and statistics about the labor force by occupation of afghanistan. More land is used for opium in afghanistan than is used for coca cultivation in latin america. A comprehensive az study of the history of conflict in afghanistan from 1747 to the present. There are as many as 14 recognized ethnic groups in the country, with pashtuns making up between 40 percent and 50 percent of the population. Pashtuns make up an estimated 42% of the population of contemporary afghanistan.
Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. In 2014 most of the foreign military forces are due to pull ou. The hazara identity in afghanistan is believed by many to have originated in the. These groups, throughout time, have used violence to achieve their goals. Startled to see this particular student, i fumbled for words and tried to prevent him from taking the box. Afghan group, once on top, again makes presence felt the. Uzbeks are the largest turkic group in uzbekistan and the entire of central asia. Afghanistans ethnic diversity does not mean that the members of the different ethnic groups do not interact. Pakistan and afghanistan institute for the study of war. Conrad schetter, ethnicity and the political reconstruction of afghanistan, center for development studies zef. Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group in afghanistan, contributing to over twofifths of the entire population. For more than 3,000 years, kabul has occupied a strategic location along central and southern asian trade routes. The pashtuns are a significant minority group in pakistan, where they.
Afghanistan currently has a legal basis for collection and use of agricultural statistics, but it is considered inadequate. For all the unity that could have come from 2001, the election results shattered any hope that the country had overcome its fractures. Demographics top at least two major ethnic groupsthe pashtuns and the baluchslive on both sides of the durand line. Raisa masud and yelda nuri turkmen hazara make up about 20% of the population of afghanistan of mongolian descent sunni muslim have been massacred for ethnic cleansing. The afghan national anthem and the afghan constitution mention a total of 14 ethnic groups. Afghanistan is a multilingual country with one of the lowest literacy rates in the world. Bikes and books in afghanistan american libraries magazine. Sep 10, 2019 afghanistans beautiful architecture is seen in their mosques and homes. Afghanistan population 2020 demographics, maps, graphs. These ethnic groups have bold differences, besides the fact that they all have been going off of each other for hundreds of years. In the late eighteenth century, kabul was established as afghanistans capital. Ethnicity, space, and politics in afghanistan abstract the 2004 election was a disaster. Like a number of other afghan ethnic groups, the pushtun extend beyond afghanistan into pakistan where they constitute a major ethnic group of about 14 million. Jul 25, 2012 kabul, afghanistan as i was walking into kabul education university one morning, carrying a school bag and a box of books, a student stopped me to offer his help.
The modern uzbek language has been derived from the chagatai language which was prominent in the. Ethnic groups of pakistan simple english wikipedia, the. As stated in the description, all ethnic groups of afghanistan with the exclusion of a few very minor groups with no photographs or much information available. This, accordingly, lowered the percentage of pashtuns in afghanistans population and raised the percentages of the countrys other ethnic groups until the mid1990s when many of the refugees returned. Pashtun, tajik, hazara, uzbek, other includes smaller numbers of baloch, turkmen, nuristani, pamiri, arab, gujar, brahui, qizilbash, aimaq, pashai, and kyrghyz 2015 note.
Afghanistan is a multiethnic and mostlytribal society. The nation is composed of a multiethnic and multilingual society, reflecting its location astride historic trade and invasion routes between central asia, southern asia, and western asia. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 9 and 38 degrees. Media in category ethnic groups in afghanistan the following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total.
The afghan pushtun heartland roughly covers a large crescentshaped belt following the afghanpakistani border on the east, southward from nuristan, across the south, and northward. Afghanistan ethnic map 2005 afghanistan is a multi ethnic country the ethnic groups are such as. Turkmen are a minority in afghanistan they can also be found near. The establishment of the democratic republic of afghanistan in 1978, the soviet invasion of the country the following year, and the continuing conflict following the soviet withdrawal in 1989 severely disrupted the countrys population patterns.
Afghan minority language editions books for afghanistan. The pashtuns also pukhtuns or pushtuns, historically known as ethnic afghans or pathans, are. From the point of view of policy research and prescription, the surveys demographic information will significantly augment projections that use data from the 1979. This authoritative, clearly written volume covers all aspects of the conflicts that have taken place in afghanistan from 1747 to the present. Join a live hosted trivia game for your favorite pub trivia experience done virtually. Pashtun, tajik, hazara, uzbek, aymaq, turkmen, baloch, pashai, nuristani, gujjar, arab, brahui, pamiri and a few others. Ethnic groups of afghanistan by yoda noori on prezi. What it will take to secure afghanistan council on. Books in dari and pashto arthur paul afghanistan collection. This report is principally about the peoples of afghanistan, how war and power. Desiethnicity tag pakistani bollywood movies, dream wedding, desi food arzan blogs duration. The border was established in 1893 via an agreement between abdur rahman khan, the emir or ruler of afghanistan, and sir mortimer durand, foreign secretary of the british raj. The traditional and the national sport of afghanistan is buzkashi.
Leading in numbers for the largest ethnic group is the pashtuns, known by many other names such as pakhtuns, the pathans, or the persian afghans. Dec 21, 2003 afghan group, once on top, again makes presence felt. Afghanistan fao regional office for asia and the pacific. Afghan group, once on top, again makes presence felt. Kabul, afghanistan as i was walking into kabul education university one morning, carrying a school bag and a box of books, a student stopped me to offer his help. They practice subsistence farming and also keep livestock. Cricket and association football are the two most popular sports in afghanistan. Pashtun make up the largest ethnic group in afghanistan, followed by tajiks, hazara, uzbek, aimaks, baloch, and others.
Jul 18, 2019 uzbeks are the largest turkic group in uzbekistan and the entire of central asia. Civil war and the destruction of towns and villages caused mass movements of people in two major. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group in afghanistan, comprising 42 percent of the population or.
The present crosssectional study was done in order to illustrate the prevalence and types of consanguineous. According to the world factbook sunni muslims constitute between 84. They are sunni muslims and speak many versions of pashto language. The population of afghanistan is around 37,5,635 in 2019, which includes the roughly 3 million afghan citizens living as refugees in both pakistan and iran. Afghanistan s beautiful architecture is seen in their mosques and homes. Afghanistan is a large country in south asia and is home to many different ethnic groups. According to 2010 data from the us department of state, the largest ethnic group in afghanistan is the pashtun including kuchis, comprising 42% of. Afghanistan runs the risk of being forgotten by the world. In afghanistan, a generation of hardship and hope the. In the late eighteenth century, kabul was established as afghanistan s capital.
The hazaras now constitute about 9% of afghanistans. Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group in afghanistan, accounting for about 42 percent of the population, with tajiks 27%, hazaras 9%, uzbeks 9%, aimaqs 4%, turkmen people 3%, baluch 2%, and other groups 4% making up the remainder. Ethnic groups of pakistan news newspapers books scholar jstor may 20 learn how and when to remove this template message major ethnic groups in pakistan, 1973 about 98% of languages spoken in pakistan are indoiranian subbranches. Ethnic groups in afghanistan simple english wikipedia, the. Of the 31 million or so afghan residents, 42% are pashtun, 27% tajik, 9% hazara, 9% uzbek, 4% aimak, 3% turkmen, 2% baloch and 4% fall into an unspecified other group. Afghanistan is an islamic republic,in which most citizens follow islam. Afghanistan ethnic map 2005 afghanistan is a multiethnic country the ethnic groups are such as. Afghanistans ethnic groups share a ychromosomal heritage. Ethnic groups of afghanistan colonel by secondary school. The nation is composed of a multi ethnic and multilingual society, reflecting its location astride historic trade and invasion routes between central asia, southern asia, and western asia. Nov 05, 2017 as stated in the description, all ethnic groups of afghanistan with the exclusion of a few very minor groups with no photographs or much information available. Interviews and group discussions conducted with over 700 afghans. Their resort to violence could be based upon a combination of family loyalties, or religious and ethnic issues, or local and national politics, or other cultural matters. Pir roshan is believed to have written a number of pashto books while.
Topping the list of all these ethnic groups are the pashtuns, tajiks, uzbeks and the hazaras. This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. The population of the country is divided into the following ethnolinguistic groups. Winners of the acc twenty20 cup the most number of times 2007, 2009, 2011 and 20. In afghanistan, a growing uproar over ethnicity pashtun, tajik, hazara and uzbek has many concerned about possible violence, especially those who remember the countrys civil war.
May 08, 20 that ethnic group accounts for between 40 percent and 50 percent of afghanistans population. Pashtun, tajik, hazara, uzbek, aimaq, turkmen, baloch, pashayi. So it is much drier and warmer than in the most parts of the us or central europe. Afghan ethnic tensions rise in media and politics the new.
The climate in afghanistan the climate in afghanistan is subtropical. The modern uzbek language has been derived from the chagatai language which was prominent in the timurid empire. Tajiks account for about 25 percent, while hazaras and. Afghanistans largest ethnic group, the pashtuns, who had been in political retreat since the fall of the. The taliban and many top officials are also pashtun. This raised the percentage of hazaras in afghanistan from 8% in 1978 to 14% in 1987. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry.
Test your knowledge on this geography quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Ethnic groups in afghanistan simple english wikipedia. The crisis and politics of ethnicity in afghanistan. Their main territory, sometimes called pashtunistan, by whom. Afghan ethnic grouppashtuns a research guide for students. Most analysis on afghanistan has been written from a biased and now outdated cold war viewpoint, seeing afghanistan only as a minor player in the superpower game rather than in human terms.
As much as 90% of the population follow sunni islam. Today, cricket is the most popular sport in afghanistan, and the afghanistan team has made quick progress in the international arena through winning a number of international competitions. Can you name the afghanistan s major ethnic groups based on the map. In afghanistan, a generation of hardship and hope the new. Afghanistan is approaching a major inflection point in its long and turbulent history. Available also through the library of congress web site as a raster image. The pashtuns lie south of the hindu kush, but pashtun groups are scattered all over the country.
Ethnicity race, ethnicity, and tribes in afghanistan. Afghanistan has been the worlds leading illicit opium producer since 2001. This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. As you would expect, there is a diverse range of ethnic groups within the country. The ethnic group consists of more than sixty tribes that are spread mostly in the eastern and southern parts of afghanistan. Afghanistan race, ethnicity and tribes by tessa friman on prezi. Messianic terrorism, tribal conflicts, and the failures of.
If a virtual private party is more your thing, go here for details. The fragmented state of the more than 35 million pashtuns in pakistan and afghanistan is a key factor in this crisis. The latest world factbook estimates show that hazara make up nine percent of the total afghan population but some sources claim that they are. There is a substantial amount of intermarriage between the ethnic groups. The country does not have a strategic plan for the development of statistics, though one is currently under development. Implementation of the global strategy in afghanistan started in august 2015. In the present study, eight ethnic groups were examined, with a focus on the largest four groups. Conflict in afghanistan provides the reader with a historical overview of hostilities in afghanistan and discusses their causes, history, and impact on afghan. Perceiving them as a formidable ethnic group, the pakistani establishment has.
This entry includes a definition of literacy and census bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. Sport in afghanistan is managed by the afghan sports federation. In this falsecolor satellite image vegetation appears fluorescent green, urban areas range in. Play sporcle s virtual live trivia to have fun, connect with people, and get your trivia on. They form an ethnic majority in uzbekistan accounting for 75.
Only in a few humid months per year the intense of rain is a bit higher. The pashtuns ethnic afghans make up the largest ethnic group in afghanistan, comprising between 38% and 42% of the countrys population. That ethnic group accounts for between 40 percent and 50 percent of afghanistans population. They speak the hazaragi variant of persian, one of the two official languages of afghanistan they are the thirdlargest ethnic group in afghanistan, also making up a significant minority group in the neighboring pakistan, with a population of. The last national census was conducted in the 1970s. Conrad schetter, ethnicity and the political reconstruction of afghanistan, center for development studies zef university of bonn, germany, working paper 3, 2004. Sep 06, 2017 two afghan nationals discuss ethnic groups in afghanistan. The afghan sports federation promotes cricket, association football, basketball, volleyball, golf, handball, boxing, taekwondo, weightlifting, bodybuilding, track and field, skating.
At a time when book publishers in many countries are struggling, over the last three years those in afghanistan have been. On this map, both the baloch and pashtun ethnolinguistic groups straddle the 2640kilometer 1640mile border between afghanistan and pakistan, known as the durand line. On this map, both the baloch and pashtun ethnolinguistic groups straddle the 2640kilometer 1640mile border between afghanistan and pakistan, known as the durand line the border was established in 1893 via an agreement between abdur rahman khan, the emir or ruler of afghanistan, and sir mortimer durand, foreign secretary of the british raj. The winner needed to find a way to unite a country that could not be more divided. In english only, for now adolescent fertility rate births per 1,000 women ages 1519. Afghanistan is a giant mix of a many of ethnic groups. In 2007, 93% of the nonpharmaceuticalgrade opiates on the world market originated in afghanistan. Only about 31% of the adult population over 15 years of age can read, and female literacy levels are on average only 17%. The present crosssectional study was done in order to illustrate the prevalence and types of consanguineous marriages among afghanistan populations.477 493 1599 336 1542 1560 1367 199 1092 16 1005 134 1326 40 11 800 814 1573 214 451 5 166 1176 482 738 813 861 1351 1468 1366 1159 1346 174 174 8 637 1092